What is IVF and How it can Help you?
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a fertility treatment that has revolutionized reproductive medicine, offering hope to couples struggling with infertility. This assisted reproductive technology involves the combination of an egg and sperm outside the body, with the resulting embryo(s) being transferred to the uterus for implantation.
IVF has been a groundbreaking solution for many couples, enabling them to achieve their dream of parenthood. This comprehensive guide explores the various aspects of IVF treatment, from the initial steps to potential challenges and success rates.
Before undergoing IVF, couples typically undergo a thorough fertility evaluation to identify any underlying issues. This involves assessing both partners’ reproductive health through medical history reviews, physical examinations, and various diagnostic tests.
Why IVF for me? IVF is your best treatment option if:
IVF is In Vitro(Outside) Fertilisation. Eggs are removed from the ovaries and fertilized with sperm in the laboratory. The fertilized egg (embryo) is later placed in the woman’s womb.
- You have been diagnosed with unexplained infertility
- Your tubes are blocked
- You have been unsuccessful with intra-uterine insemination (IUI)
- There is a low sperm count
How does IVF work? Steps as follows:
Step 1. Suppressing the Natural Monthly Hormone Cycle: As a first step of the IVF process you may be given a drug to suppress your natural cycle. Treatment is given either as a daily injection. This continues for about two weeks.
Step 2. Increasing the Egg Fertility Hormone called FSH: This is usually taken as a daily injection for around 12 days. This hormone will increase the number of eggs you produce. With more fertilized eggs, the clinic has a greater choice of embryos to use in your treatment.
Step 3. Progress with the Scan: Throughout the drug treatment, the clinic will monitor your progress. This is done by vaginal ultrasound scans and, possibly, blood tests. 34–38 hours before your eggs are due to be collected you have a hormone injection to help your eggs mature.
Step 4. Egg Collection: The IVF process eggs are usually collected by ultrasound guidance under sedation. This involves a needle being inserted into the scanning probe and into each ovary. The eggs are, in turn, collected through the needle.
Step 5. Creating Embryos: Your eggs are mixed with your husband’s or the donor’s sperm and cultured in the laboratory. They are then checked to see if any have been fertilized. Those that have been fertilized (now called embryos) are grown in the laboratory incubator for 2 – 5 days before being retransferred. The best one, two, or exceptionally three embryos will then be chosen for transfer.
Step 6. Embryo Transfer: For women under the age of 40, one or two embryos can be transferred. If you are 40, or over, a maximum of three can be used. The number of embryos is restricted because of the risks associated with multiple births. The remaining embryos may be frozen for future IVF attempts if they are suitable.
Collecting sperm around the time your wife’s eggs are collected, you are asked to produce a fresh sample of sperm. This is stored for a short time before the sperm are washed and spun at a high speed. This is so the healthiest and most active sperm can be selected. If you are using donated sperm, it is removed from frozen storage, thawed, and prepared in the same way.
Suitable Candidates for IVF Treatment:
- Couples with Unexplained Infertility
Blocked or Damaged Fallopian Tubes
- Male Factor Infertility
- Ovulatory Disorders
- IVF can be considered for couples where endometriosis affects fertility
- Women of advanced maternal age, where natural fertility declines, may opt for IVF to increase the chances of conception.
- Repeated Unsuccessful Treatments
Candidates Who May Not Be Suitable:
- Severe Ovarian Dysfunction
- Unhealthy Uterine Conditions
- Unhealthy Lifestyle Factors
- Medical Conditions with Poor Prognosis
- Unwillingness to Commit to the Process
- Personal or Religious Beliefs
Experience top-notch IVF treatment in Indore with Dr. Shweta Kaul Jha, your trusted fertility specialist. Your path to parenthood begins here.